thrifty the Queen could be with so many others. This pension was continued by her successor, King James, until de Vere died in 1604. Many have wondered if those funds were spent for theatrical productions on behalf of the state.
Oxford was also known as a poet and playwright who possessed the classical learning and knowledge of law, music, Italian culture and the sports of jousting and hawking that are prominent in several Shakespeare plays and which also display many references to his career at court and his subsequent fall from grace.
Most impressive are the parallels between the plot and characters in Hamlet which is also a political satire of William Cecil, his father-in-law, and whom many scholars clearly identify as Polonius. Scholars also agree that Shakespeare favored the Geneva Bible and that many references from it have been cited in the plays. De Vere’s personal copy of the Geneva Bible, owned by the Folger Library, was found to have many marked places in it that correspond closely to usage in the Shakespearean plays.
Edward de Vere died in 1604, aged 54, of unknown causes.